To Control Gainesville’s Downtown Homeless During The Pandemic, Police Turned To A Private Security Contractor


Since then, a camp has grown at outdated Hearth Station 1, a metropolis property slated for redevelopment.

Tents of all sizes, makeshift bikes and artwork initiatives, and a desk with meals, drinks, garments and hygiene merchandise all sit on the driveway of outdated Hearth Station 1 in downtown Gainesville. The deserted hearth station is now a brand new type of secure area: a refuge of final resort for dozens of Gainesville’s homeless individuals.

James Scott, often known as Tygur, blasts “Final Name” by Kanye West from an FM radio in his tent. Robert Thomas, perched in a tattered folding chair, reads and displays on Psalm 42, as he does most days. And Frank Edwards bides his time, doing what he can to get from sooner or later to the following. The entire camp residents dwell on the sting of society, and every has their very own means of dealing with the all-pervading uncertainty that’s being homeless.

On Sept. 15, the hearth station camp will shut for good – a well-known state of affairs for lots of the individuals residing there. Town positioned an indication on the outdated hearth station on July 12 that reads: “Relocation help shall be offered to individuals who signal on to the official roster by July 31…”

Though Thomas requested to be added to the rehousing roster, there are individuals on the camp who don’t need to be rehoused.

“They’re gonna push them away as a result of they’re gonna fence the world in,” he mentioned. “It’s going to be exhausting for the outreach group to do what they should do.”

The fireplace station camp has a fancy backstory. The COVID-19 pandemic turned a lot of downtown Gainesville into unoccupied territory in 2020, and homeless individuals say they got here to depend on the areas that closed companies, empty bus stops and vacant parking tons afforded them.

In early 2020, enterprise homeowners and a few downtown residents introduced considerations to the town about what they noticed as a rise within the homeless inhabitants in downtown, in response to public data. One criticism bemoaned the state of Lynch Park, which is situated instantly throughout the road from outdated Hearth Station 1.

“I discovered trash and drug rubbish mendacity on the bottom contained in the fence,” the criticism reads. “Now it’s simply develop into a homeless camp.”

Due partially to those complaints, the short-staffed Gainesville Police Division turned to a non-public safety contractor named Excelsior Protection to conduct early-morning patrols and compel the downtown homeless to “transfer alongside.”

Authorized advocates and a few camp residents say systemic housing issues, the seizure of homeless individuals’s belongings by the town, and the personal safety patrols all contributed to the creation of a homeless encampment on the outdated hearth station.

A hand-drawn signal outdoors outdated Hearth Station 1 on June 15, 2021, reads, “I’m prideless, unvoiced, hated, abused, accused, damaged, powerless.” (Houston Harwood/WUFT Information)

Personal Safety Patrols And Code Violations

“I simply need to inform you that the safety guard patrol appears to be very productive,” Excelsior Protection CEO Jeff Dunn wrote in an email to Gainesville Police Division lieutenant David Rowe on March 26, 2020. The patrols appeared to be working – Excelsior safety guards compelled 19 homeless individuals to “transfer alongside” in a single shift, and so they doubled again to verify not one of the homeless individuals returned to the areas they’d beforehand occupied.

This e-mail is certainly one of dozens Excelsior workers despatched to police officers relating to the effectiveness of patrols the corporate carried out in 2020. Emails and different public data reviewed by WUFT Information present shut cooperation between Excelsior and Gainesville police as they tried to maneuver homeless individuals out of downtown.

Town of Gainesville first contracted Excelsior Protection to supply safety at Metropolis Corridor and the now-closed Dignity Village homeless camp. Metropolis Supervisor Lee Feldman signed and permitted the following contract that expanded Excelsior’s tasks to incorporate patrolling downtown Gainesville, in response to metropolis public info officer Rosanna Passaniti.

In response to an e-mail despatched by Rowe in June 2020, Excelsior Protection workers began patrolling downtown Gainesville on March 23, 2020. The patrols, which occurred seven nights per week, coated areas the place homeless individuals usually sought shelter, similar to public parks, parking garages, and close to deserted buildings.

Sean Pinion, who’s homeless, remembers the night time Excelsior guards made him transfer alongside. He states he was sleeping on United Methodist Church property and says he had permission from the church to be there.

“They sprayed me and kicked me,” Pinion mentioned. “The cop that sprayed me, he was carrying that navy blue uniform, so he’s a safety officer as a result of he didn’t have a gun. However he had the flashlight, the nightstick.”

Pinion mentioned the Excelsior safety guards got here early within the morning and with out warning.

“They didn’t say ‘stand up and transfer.’ That’s all you needed to say. I might’ve bought up and moved. I’m not gonna begin bother,” Pinion mentioned.

Excelsior Protection declined to touch upon this incident or any facet of the downtown patrols, citing a non-disclosure settlement included in its contract with the town.

Excelsior Protection patrol stories recorded the variety of homeless individuals the guards encountered throughout a shift and detailed the variety of homeless individuals who’d taken up residence at varied downtown areas, such because the outdated hearth station.

A map of an April 9, 2020, Excelsior Protection bike patrol in downtown Gainesville. The patrols had been GPS-tracked, and Excelsior Protection guards included these maps in stories they submitted to the Gainesville Police Division. (Gainesville Police Division)

In response to questions on these patrols, Passaniti mentioned Gainesville’s strategy to homelessness is extra compassionate than many different cities.

“Whereas different communities pursue criminalization as the answer to homelessness, Gainesville makes each effort to attenuate arrests and encounters with legislation enforcement,” she mentioned.

Whereas there are a number of native shelters, similar to Grace Market, situated off Northeast twenty eighth Avenue, these locations aren’t for everybody. Some recovering addicts say they keep away from shelters resulting from drug exercise. Others say shelters typically home individuals they’re afraid to dwell with. These complicating elements, in response to advocates, lead some individuals to dwell downtown despite the fact that they’d technically qualify to dwell in a shelter.

“In the event that they made all people transfer from right here, I’m not going to Grace due to that previous habit drawback,” Edwards mentioned. “I am going to Grace like a idiot and… then begin utilizing once more myself. I’m not gonna let the town do that to me.”

Some homeless individuals from the world and their authorized advocates say the patrols had unintended penalties, inflicting homeless individuals who had been beforehand unfold out throughout downtown to congregate collectively.

Kirsten Anderson, former litigation director on the Southern Authorized Counsel, mentioned the shortage of public debate surrounding the usage of personal safety guards downtown is, for her, problematic.

“The truth that it was personal safety and never the police meant there type of wasn’t the identical stage of accountability that often exists,” she mentioned.

Anderson needs the neighborhood may’ve had a say in whether or not a non-public safety firm ought to compel homeless individuals to vacate public areas, even when the guards had been implementing present trespassing legal guidelines.

“There’s a cause that you’ve legislative our bodies assembly (brazenly) the place you give the general public a discover that you simply need to undertake a coverage or an ordinance, and folks have a possibility to remark,” Anderson mentioned.

Excelsior guards state in emails that their main focus was on homeless individuals who had been sleeping on personal property and closed public property. An Excelsior Protection e-mail from April 9, 2020, states that guards encountered 41 individuals throughout that night time’s shift, however clarifies “that is solely an inventory of people we discovered sleeping.”

Gainesville Police Division spokesperson Graham Glover mentioned the Excelsior Protection patrols led to August 2020, when the police division rectified a staffing scarcity. However the metropolis of Gainesville provides a special cause for the patrols ending. 

“When it was delivered to the town supervisor’s consideration these patrolling operations had been being executed in a way that runs counter to our compassionate strategy, the patrolling project was cancelled promptly,” Passaniti mentioned.

In response to Kimber Robust, a social employee and homeless outreach advocate on the Southern Authorized Counsel, the patrols prompted volunteers on the Civic Media Middle, situated at 433 S. Fundamental Road, to publish signage notifying the unhoused and authorities that folks had been allowed to retailer belongings and sleep outdoors there. The constructing is instantly adjoining to the outdated hearth station.

A metropolis inspection photograph of the Civic Media Middle, situated at 433 S. Fundamental Road, reveals the individuals and belongings sheltered across the constructing in late 2020. (Metropolis of Gainesville)

The growing variety of homeless individuals in entrance of the Civic Media Middle led to citizen complaints, and on Oct. 26, 2020, the town of Gainesville issued a code violation to Chris Fillie, the proprietor of the constructing housing the Civic Media Middle.

“There are homeless people residing within the entryway to every enterprise of the constructing,” the discover of violation states. “The encampments have created complaints relating to trash and the odor of human waste.”

The code violation prompted Fillie to put a few of the homeless individuals’s belongings subsequent door on the outdated hearth station, and he informed the individuals sheltered across the Civic Media Middle to go away. The outdated hearth station, which had been a hangout for homeless individuals for a number of years, would quickly develop into a bonafide makeshift shelter.

Town of Gainesville disputes the notion that the Excelsior Protection patrols or the seizure of homeless individuals’s belongings had any impression on the formation of the downtown homeless camp.

“The pandemic has elevated financial hardship for all neighbors, together with these experiencing homelessness,” Passaniti mentioned.

Homeless individuals who’d been pushed out of parks and off of bus cease benches had been now pressured off the sidewalk in entrance of the Civic Media Middle. With few different locations to go and nowhere to name residence, individuals drifted towards the outdated hearth station. A neighborhood sprang up there, and passersby started to drop off donations and provides, additional cementing the camp’s place on South Fundamental Road.

It was the type of state of affairs legislation enforcement and the town tried to forestall all alongside: a homeless camp within the coronary heart of Gainesville.

Life At The Outdated Hearth Station

Tygur lives in a big blue and orange tent in entrance of the outdated hearth station. The tent’s entrance is marked by a patch of synthetic grass, private relics and a yellow, picket tiger head carrying a crown. Some days he paints and attracts on makeshift canvases and in sketchbooks; his work has an summary and non secular focus. Different days he builds motorized bikes from scrap elements he collects. Whether or not he’s organizing meals donations or securing tents and private belongings for camp residents, the method of creating vacant area a house is nothing new for Tygur.

“It’s simply what I do,” he mentioned. “I’m out right here myself however I’m additionally attempting to assist individuals in any means I can; you simply should.”

Though a each day gathering on the camp may even see 20 to 30 individuals, Govt Director of Grace Market Jon DeCarmine mentioned solely about 15 individuals routinely keep in a single day.

Patrick Dodds, director of the North Central Florida Alliance for the Homeless and the Hungry, mentioned one of many elements that helped this camp was the sense of neighborhood that constructed up over time.

“There are many of us who need to be remoted, they need to be on their very own, they need to be left to their very own units,” he mentioned. “However the majority of them are identical to you and I; they need neighborhood, they need safety.”

Camp residents and their advocates pushed the town to vary its coverage towards the outdated hearth station encampment in late 2020 and early 2021.

Edwards, Tygur and others helped safe two moveable restrooms and a set of lockers for homeless individuals to make use of on the camp, though the town later said it plans to maneuver the lockers to Grace Market as a result of they had been underutilized.

Although there’s now a agency date set for the camp’s closure, residents face an extremely unsure future.

Tygur has vivid recollections of police sweeping previous camps, similar to a camp he helped to discovered off of the Gainesville-Hawthorne path close to the Sweetwater Wetlands protect.

“Now we have cops which can be out right here to patrol to assist the homeless,” he mentioned. “Now we have different cops which can be out right here that simply need to put you in jail. It shouldn’t be like that.”

This historical past of getting pushed from one camp to a different looms over the outdated hearth station. Some residents say they gained’t depart except they’re pressured to, and even then, some declare they might put up a struggle.

However the technique the town and outreach organizations employed when the Dignity Village camp closed offers a beacon of hope. The fireplace station camp residents, identical to these at Dignity Village, shall be put on the prime of the rehousing checklist, a coverage each the town and advocates contemplate to be extremely efficient.

What Comes Subsequent For Camp Residents And The Property

Even earlier than the indicators went up declaring the hearth station camp would shut Sept. 15, DeCarmine and Grace’s downtown outreach group had been actively working to rehouse these residing there.

DeCarmine mentioned this sort of road outreach targets individuals who might not really feel snug going to the Grace Marketplace campus or different homeless shelters.

“You don’t have to return into Grace to speak to a case supervisor, you don’t have to return in to make use of a shelter mattress,” he mentioned.

Together with conventional shelter providers, DeCarmine says Grace more and more deploys outreach groups that operate like social employees. They handle circumstances and assist join homeless individuals with rehousing help.

Outreach employees are compiling a roster of people who find themselves formally residing on the outdated hearth station. DeCarmine mentioned the group is working with the Alachua County authorities to supply certainly one of two housing options to individuals: everlasting supportive housing, the place an individual’s housing bills are paid for indefinitely, and fast rehousing, which consists of short-term rental help.

Thomas, who has been homeless for a number of years, mentioned he has blended emotions in regards to the housing outreach however needs different unhoused people to place “pleasure to the facet” and settle for the assistance.

“In sure areas, I’m enthusiastic about it,” Thomas mentioned. Nonetheless, he is aware of some individuals gained’t need to reap the benefits of the applications.

Edwards, Thomas and Pinion are all on a path to being rehoused. And as of July 21, outreach employees had added 24 individuals linked to the hearth station camp to a prioritized rehousing roster.

Nevertheless, some camp residents, together with Tygur, say they aren’t planning to just accept help from the town or Alachua County.

Dodds mentioned Grace’s outreach initiative, which not too long ago acquired about $200,000 in metropolis funding, works to supply housing to people who find themselves cautious of accepting public assist.

“We’re seeing loads of the parents who’ve all the time been tough to serve, regardless, are nonetheless very tough to get to,” he mentioned.

To recuperate from COVID-19 bills, the U.S. Division of Housing and City Improvement gave the Coalition of Care a one time price range of $4.8 million to spend in a yr.

“We shall be primarily growing our annual funding for the following yr, fivefold, six fold,” he mentioned. “We’ll have the ability to see what we are able to do with $5 million.”

With each funding and outreach work mixed, DeCarmine hopes Grace and different organizations will have the ability to make a serious impression on homelessness in north central Florida.

“So the mixture of closing Dignity Village, working to get of us from the hearth station into everlasting supportive housing, after which catching different individuals earlier than they get to that stage, I feel goes to be a recreation changer for homelessness in our neighborhood,.” DeCarmine mentioned.

There are main plans for the outdated hearth station property. The College of Florida and the town hope to transform the property within the coming years, turning the station that closed in 2015 right into a multi-million greenback arts and tradition heart, generally known as SPARC 352. The mission is an element of a bigger metropolis plan to revitalize downtown Gainesville.

Dionne Champion, a analysis assistant professor within the Middle for Arts and Medication and one of many two co-directors of the SPARC 352 initiative, mentioned they envision this mission as a “data and empowerment hub.”

A fireplace station camp resident bides his time on the north facet of outdated Hearth Station 1, March 31, 2021. (Houston Harwood/WUFT Information)

Andrew Telles, director of UF’s Workplace of Collaborative Initiatives, mentioned the mission kicked off in 2020 when the town drafted plans to revamp some downtown properties, the old firehouse being certainly one of them.

“They wished to see this obtainable and open within the evenings and on weekends – programming that addresses wants by the neighborhood, for the neighborhood,” Telles mentioned. “We weren’t requested within the context of addressing a difficulty relating to homelessness or every other type of particular points.”

Edwards seems ahead to being housed however mentioned he needs the outdated hearth station may have develop into a spot of shelter moderately than an arts heart.

“This proper right here proves that they’re not involved in regards to the homeless in Gainesville,” he mentioned.

For Tygur, transferring alongside has develop into a lifestyle. After the hearth station camp closes in September, Tygur plans to maneuver to a camp in a wooded space close to the East Gainesville Walmart. As soon as there, he says he’ll attempt to safe new tents and provides for the individuals residing there.

“I’ll be doing one thing like the identical factor I’m doing right here however over there,” he mentioned. “Them individuals want it. I’ll attempt to join them with the outreach groups from Grace, get them on the housing checklist.”

In response to Robust and Anderson, the homeless camp on the outdated hearth station was and is a symptom of long run, systemic issues that aren’t unique to Gainesville. They view shortages of inexpensive housing and the police division’s use of personal safety guards to regulate the downtown homeless inhabitants as troubling coverage failures.

“We want actual options,” Anderson mentioned. “We will’t simply be transferring individuals alongside.”


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